Moscow, the capital of Russian Federation, is a major cultural centre in Europe and popular tourist destination.With interesting landmarks and amazing architecture, it is a wonderful place to visit. Located on the Moskva River, it is also one of the most historically significant cities in the world.
1. Red Square
Red Square is the most popular place of interest in Moscow. It is the central square of Russian capital. Red Square is used for military parades and serves as a venue for concerts of famous performers. There is Saint Basil’s Cathedral in Red Square in Moscow. It is one of the outstanding symbols of the Russian Federation. Saint Basil’s Cathedral is included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Buildings construction in the Red Square had been carried out on the surrounding square territory for many years. Some buildings had been built along the perimeter of the square and survived to this day: St. Basil’s Cathedral (1555 – 1561), the Kazan Cathedral (17th century), shopping arcade, a monument to Minin and Pozharsky, the Historical Museum, the Mausoleum of Lenin
The nearest metro stations: metro stations “Ploschad Revolutsii”, “Okhotny Ryad”, “Teatralnaya”, “Kitay-gorod” and “Biblioteka imeni Lenina” (Moscow metro map)
2. The Moscow Kremlin
The Moscow Kremlin is considered to be a symbol of the Russian statehood. The architectural ensemble “The Moscow Kremlin and the Red Square” is included into the UNESCO List of World Cultural and Natural Heritage. The Moscow Kremlin State Historical and Cultural Museum and Heritage Site incorporates the Armoury Chamber and the architectural ensemble of the Cathedral Square, consisting of the Assumption, Archangel’s and Annunciation cathedrals, the Church of Laying Our Lady’s Holy Robe, the Patriarch’s Palace with the Twelve Apostles’ Church and the Ivan the Great Bell-Tower complex, as well as the exhibition halls in the Assumption Belfry and in the One-Pillar Chamber of the Patriarch’s Palace.
3. The Tretyakov Gallery (the main museum of Russian national art)
Here you can see more than 1300 works of Russian art from the 11th till the early 20th century, beginning from pre-Mongolian icons and mosaics and ending with landscape, portrait and historical painting and masterpieces, including works as “Trinity” by Andrei Rublev and “The Apparition of Christ Before the People” by Alexander Ivanov. The works of the great artists V.I.Surikov, V.V.Vereshchagin, I.E.Repin, V.A.Serov and others are represented in different sides.
4. The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts
The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts is a museum complex that is currently in possession of one of the largest world art collections from Ancient Egypt and Greece to our days. Today the holdings of the museum contain around 700 000 art works of different epochs. The jewel of the collection is French art of the XIX – XX centuries – one of the most famous collections of Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings in the world.
5. The Bolshoi Theatre
The Bolshoi Theatre of Russia has always been, and will remain, one of the main symbols of our state and its culture. It was awarded this honor due to the major contribution it made to the history of the Russian performing arts. This history is on-going and today Bolshoi Theatre artists continue to contribute to it many bright pages. It is Russia’s main national theatre, a bearer of the traditions of Russian music culture and a centre of world music culture, the spearhead of the development of the country’s performing arts.
6. Sparrow Hills
Sparrow Hills is one of the most significant Moscow’s landmarks. It reaches the height of 80 metres above the Moskva river. Sparrow Hills is one of the most scenic places in the capital of Russia. The observation platform on the hill is a place worth visiting. It gives the best panoramic view of the city which both residents of the city and tourists can admire. In 1987 this landmark was declared a natural sanctuary.
The nearest metro stations: metro stations “Vorob’evy gory” (Moscow metro map)
Address: Moscow, crossing Kosygin street and University Driveway
7. Great Hall of the Moscow Conservatory
In terms of its acoustical characteristics, the Great Hall of the Moscow Conservatory is regarded as one of the finest concert halls in the world. Many great soloists, ensembles and orchestras have performed there and the Hall has served as a venue for music festivals and competitions, including, since its founding in 1958, the International Tchaikovsky Competition. Occupying the rear of the Great Hall’s stage is a superb organ, built in 1899 by the famous French organ company Cavaille Coll, which was given to the Conservatory by patron of the arts Sergei von Derviz. The foyer on the parterre level of the Great Hall was decorated with a stained glass-window depicting St. Cecilia, the patron saint of music. Since 1940, the Conservatory has proudly borne the name of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and in 1954 a statue of the composer was erected in front of the entrance to the Great Hall.
Moscow has 3 International Airports:
All airports have express-trains to downtown:
- from Domodedovo – to “Paveletskaya” metro station;
- from Vnukovo – to “Kievskaya” metro station,
- from Sheremetyevo to the “Belorusskaya” metro station (schedule -1 per a half an hour).
Express-train standard ticket cost – 500 rub ~$8.
Taxi cost: 1500 – 2000 rub ~$25-30.
Metro cost – 55 rub ~ $1.
Ground transportation cost – 55 rub ~ $1
Classified as having a humid continental climate, Moscow is the most northerly (56°N) “megacity” on the globe. The city is known for its climatic extremes, experiencing long, cold winters, usually blanketed with snow, and relatively short, hot summers, when heatwaves are possible in the warmest months (July and August).
Summers run from May to October, and the rest of the year can be categorized as experiencing wintry weather, with most of the precipitation falling as snow. Summer in Moscow is warm with high humidity during the height of the season (July and August). The snow begins to thaw in April/May and highs during the peak summer period range between 20°C (68°F) to 25°C (77°F), with a steep increase in temperature from mid-April to May.
An accurate weather forecast you can find here.
The European voltage standard – 220-240 Volt at 50 Hertz – is used in Russia. Sockets use the two round pin system.
The time zone in Moscow is Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) +3 hours.